Who is Dracula?
Who exactly is this character?
First of all we know who Dracula isn`t… he is not the protagonist of Gothic novels turned stereotype. So he is not the vampire Count inclined to grotesque but neither the folk hero of whom many still speak in Wallachia [south part of Romania] and Transylvania [north-west part of Romania].
He most certainly wasn`t the figure penciled by medieval brochures that depicted him as an evil demon making excess of cruelty in his desperate search for the truth about his family. That one put violence even in his erotic acts … exhausting lives without measure or limit. His sole purpose in life seemed to be killing as many Turks.
No one knows anything about Dracula that is not gossip fueled by the continuous film transpositions and even those seam to stray from one another.
In fact, Dracula is something else!
Some are fascinated by the image of Vlad the Impaler, unclear and eary, but different from what we would picture from the legends.
Vlad [the Third] of Wallachia should be separated from what is presented in the brochures – that Dragula with his various medieval origins – because the latter has a place by itself … the product of a long campaign of defamation.
We could even say that Vlad the Impaler… Dracula, was the first victim of the media.
If we take a close look as his life, we find several chapters, all equally fascinating:
§ The origin of the name “Dracula”
§ The Council of Florence depicts the political situation in Europe during the reign of Vlad’s father, a situation that has continued is the time of Dracula`s reign
§ Vlad Dracul and the Order of the Dragon
§ Captivity and wandering after the death of his father
§ A description of Wallachia under Vlad the Impaler
§ His strategy included a series of internal measures, and external measures that led to his fame.
§ The motivations of the war with the Sultan
§ The infamous Letter from February 1462 for which we preserved an Original in the archives.
§ War with the Turks represented by the campaign in the summer of 1462
§ Detention at Visegrad
§ The impressions of Pope Pius II appeared in his autobiographical work
§ Portrait of Vlad Dracula – painted when he was a prisoner to Matthias Corvinus.
§ The third reign and death
§ Bran Castle is the place that most closely matches the description of the place used by the vampire count as a den in Stoke`s novel, however the historical Vlad spent little time there.
Even the history of his people doesn`t truly make a distinction between what is fiction and what not!
Some interpretations are even opposite: one depicts him as a hero who fought for independence, in the defense not only of his country but also in that of the whole Christianity. Others portray him as a sick diseased man who tortured and killed men to satisfy his sadism.
We should come as no surprise to find that the prince Dracula was not a vampire, but a scholar of the fifteenth century, a poet of action. Sure, he was of a demonic intellectual, often compared to Faust, skilled in blood and cruelty. But keep in mind that in those times many of the actions he took happened in all royal courts and aristocracy took it upon itself to enjoy all the liberties it would permit itself!