Although the Romanians know him up to this day as “Vlad Tepes” – nickname acquired because of his unusual cruelty and his favorite method of torture, foreigners often refer to him as “Vlad Dracula” even since he was still alive.
This nickname remains one of the most controversial; even more as the Irishman Bram Stoker named one of the main characters of the famous horror novel “Dracula” after Vlad Tepes [Vlad the 3rd], son of Vlad Dracul.
That is why Westerners are so familiar with the legends spread about him in medieval times.
By examining documents that have survived the centuries, historians have noted that the name “Dracula” was used in combination with all three sons of Vlad Dracul, thus deducing that the latter was inherited, in order to highlight the relationship of family the royal family. By adding a final “a” to the word “Dracul” we could assume that it meant “son of Dracul”.
No, not “son of the devil” as you may find on many sites… that is just a bad assumption based on the translation of “Dracul” – indeed Romanian for devil.
In this example, Vlad Dracula was the son pf Vlad Dracul and grandson of Mircea cel Batran [the Elder].
His father received the name “Vlad Dracul” among the peasants he ruled because he belonged to the Order of the Dragon, and linguists come to conclude that the Latin “draco” [dragon] gave in Romanian “devil“, and in time it gained and meaning of “demon“.
Some linguists [including Romanian Vasile Bogra] believe that that nickname means “damned man” and quote an excerpt from the notes of a former British consul named William Wilkinson which stated:
In the Wallachian language “Dracula” means “devil”. At that time Wallachs made a habit of giving this nickname to all who were distinguished in battle due to courage, cruel actions or skill.
† Vlad the Impaler
† Count Dracula
by Arik Fletcher
Silhouette against the wall,
Crimson lips from shadows call,
Shapely curves and scented hair,
Lust and longing fill the air,
Angel kneeling down to me,
Demon aching to be free,
Glowing for the world to see,
Taking all the life from me,
Ecstasy beyond all measure,
Pain is equal to the pleasure,
Day to night- no sense of time,
Night to day- my world sublime,
Gone for all eternity,
Lost to all I used to be,
Trapped in immortality,
Deep in this depravity.
† Short Stories
The Victorian mind was assaulted by the subliminal sensuality of the vampires in “Dracula” but in the ancient cultures we find 2 demonic entities who weren`t as subtle about the reason why they made their nocturnal visits.
Incubus and Succubus [by their latin names] were body-less demons that would materialize during the night to sexually assault the sleeping, to torture and sometimes kill them.
The nightmares were associated with anxiety and sexual repression. It was believed that in some cases it was nothing more what sexual fantasies taken to the extreme.
There creatures of the night would use their powers to paralyze the victims and sustain sexual relations with them against their will. Often those that resisted were killed.
Some claim that this demon didn`t have a sex and that it would change the form after each victim thus taking either the form of a male or a female.
It is believed that the woman [Succubus] was a demon essence that would take the form an extremely beautiful woman and seduce a wealthy and influential man and bare him a child. The baby would be a powerful demon but his human form could be sustained permanently.
Once the succubus gave birth she would entrust the demon-child to the father and it would be raised into the mansion as an orphan until his coming of age. At that point he would kill his father and take his place in the community.
In “Discoverie of Witchcraft” by Reginald Scot  these demons are associated with witches and the case of an incubus that feed on a young aristocratic maiden [the case was based on the testimony of the servant].
But not many dared to tell the story of such encounters because while the witch hunt was in progress confessing to having sexual affairs with a demon or with a devil brought a sure conviction.
๑۞๑ Related: ๑۞๑
† Vampires in Ancient Cultures
Her name was Lilith… and the myths and legends surrounding her date back farther than the original texts of the Bible.
Who was she?
Was there another woman that God created before Eve that rebelled?
Was she an ancient Sumerian demon?
Was she a counterpart to Lucifer?
Was she the originator of demons, nephilims and vampires?
These questions and many others have been theorized and studied for centuries. One thing all accounts seem to agree upon… Lilith was a force to be reckoned with.
Genesis speaks twice of creating woman. In the first chapter, verse 21 speaks of God creating man and woman… no mention of the woman being made from Adam’s rib. It isn’t until the second chapter, verse 22 that woman was created from man.
Lilith was the woman who was created from the same dust that Adam was… therefore his equal. She was intended as Adam’s mate, but Lilith was rebellious against her husband. She quarreled continuously with Adam and refused to sexually submit to him from an inferior position below.
At her rebellion’s culmination she unleashed her long hair and shouted the ineffable name of God. She thereby supernaturally sprouted wings and took flight from the garden.
After her departure Adam became lonely and sought to recover his errant wife. At his behest Jehovah sent three angels to return her. They found Lilith in the midst of the Red Sea. But she refused to return with them and chose instead to become the mother of demons. She did this not only by mating with demons, but by also stealing semen from men at night while they slept.
Because of Lilith’s refusal, the angels cursed her that every day 100 of her demon seed would die, and for Adam God created Eve as a replacement for his rebellious mate.
In revenge Lilith resolved that she would visit Eve’s children in childbirth and kill those whom she found were not protected by the names of the three angels.
The Zohar [document that stands at the foundation of Kaballah – perhaps the most important book on Lilith outside of the Bible] explains Lilith’s rebellious nature. It states that after God had formed Adam’s and Lilith’s bodies from the earth, Lilith became animated by the defective light of Lucifer, whereas Adam became animated by the holy spark of God’s perfect light.
From Genesis it is apparent that Lucifer’s defective light entered Lilith through a defiling mist which erupted from the ground and watered her body. This preempted God’s spirit in animating her. Therefore Lilith is said to be created from filth and sediment, whereas Adam is said to be created from dry dust, as he was untouched by the defiling mist. He was animated by God’s perfect light.
According to the Zohar and numerous Biblical evidences, Lilith later returned to the garden under the title of the Serpent.
Genesis reveals that the Serpent Lilith deceived Eve into eating of the forbidden tree and thereby caused her and Adam to fall. Because of this God cursed the Serpent Lilith and her seed. He declared that a doomed rivalry would exist between Lilith and Eve and between their seed. Lilith would bruise the heal of Eve’s seed, but Eve’s seed would crush the head of Lilith.
Lilith’s legend struck a cord in medieval Christian circles.
Michelangelo depicted Lilith as the Serpent in his famous paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and she is likewise depicted as the tempting Serpent in a carving on the Notre Dame cathedral in France.
Lilith appears in many other artworks of the era as the Serpent.
Since Lilith did not eat from the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Life, as Eve did, one may believe she isn’t subject to death [immortality]. She would prowl at night attacking sleeping men and steeling their semen.
๑۞๑ Related: ๑۞๑
† Vampires in Ancient Cultures
† Lilith and Cain
§ Asia §
“The jumping corpse” was the Chinese version of a vampire, the main difference being that it would pray on the life essence, not necessarily on the blood of flesh.
The Chinese vampires also bare the name of “Jiang Shi”, dead with green skin, covered in fungus, that return from beyond to kill humans by sucking their blood.
In Malaysia roamed the demons Penanggalan, Pontianak and Lagsuir, while in the Filipinas we find Mandurugo [those that feed on blood] and Manananggal [those that fragment themselves].
In Japan we find mentioned Nukebuki, a creature who`s head can fly on its own and hunts people at night.
§ Africa §
All across Africa there existed beliefs about ancient vampires.
If in the west of the continent people talked about Asanbosam, a demon with metal teeth that lived in trees and attacked anyone who dared to venture near his lair, in the eastern part there lived an entity called ~Impundulu~. It would take human form and feed on the flesh and blood of the mortals.
In Madagascar the old legends would speak of Ramanga, an immortal creature that would hunt down people so that it could feast in their blood.
Adze was a spirit that would posses the bodies of the shamans of the Ewe tribe. It would take that human form to prevent being caught. Other than that it would get from one place to another as a firefly and it would especially feed on the blood of children.
On the coast we find Obayifo, a living vampire that had control over crops and could be both female or male. At night it would leave its body to feed – preferring small children.
According to legend the old Egyptian goddess ~Sekhmet~ gained the lust for blood after she massacred people and was killed only after she was tricked into drinking alcohol colored as blood.
๑۞๑ Related: ๑۞๑
† Vampires in Ancient Cultures
† Vampire Accounts